The active forms of ecotourism are rafting, hiking, trekking, rock climbing, speleology, horseback riding, and mountaineering which make 60 percent of all tourism in Uzbekistan. Locals, and also tourists from many other countries prefer the above mentioned activities in Uzbekistan mountains near Tashkent. Historical-cognitive tourism amounts to about ten percent. Inactive forms of eco-tourism attract less than 30 per cent of the tourists.
Many beautiful places in Uzbekistan mountains can only be reached by hiking, and nthusiasts regard hiking as the best way to see nature. It is seen as better than a tour in a vehicle of any kind (or on an animal) because the hiker's senses are not intruded upon by distractions such as windows, engine noise, airborne dust and fellow passengers. Hiking over long distances or over difficult terrain does require some degree of physical ability and knowledge.
Trekking combines hiking and camping in a single trip. A backpacker hikes into the backcountry to spend one or more nights there and carries supplies and equipment to satisfy sleeping and eating needs. A backpacking trip includes at least one overnight stay in the wilderness (otherwise it is a day hike). But long-distance expeditions may last weeks or months, sometimes aided by planned food and supply drops. People are drawn to backpacking primarily for recreation, to explore places that they consider beautiful and fascinating, many of which cannot be accessed in any other way. A backpacker can travel deeper into remote areas, away from people and their effects, than a day-hiker can. 520 Republic of