The life and work of the great poet and statesman, geographer, commander and unique historian Zahiriddin Muhammad Babur have fascinated many generations over time and will continue to do so. This year, the 539th anniversary of the birth of Zahiriddin Muhammad Babur is widely celebrated in Uzbekistan.
Zahiriddin Muhammad Babur was born on February 14, 1483 in the glorious city of Andijan in the family of representatives of the Timurid dynasty, the honorable ruler of the Fergana region Umarsheykh Mirzo.
The name of Zahiriddin Muhammad Babur in the history of Uzbekistan is on a par with such political and military figures as Amir Timur, Jaloddin Manguberdy, Ulugbek and Alisher Navoi. The Timurid prince, who created the Baburid Empire in the Indian Subcontinent, was a devoted son of his homeland and fought for its well-being until the end of his days.
Babur, at the age of 12, as a result of the tragic death of his father, becomes the new ruler and enters into a fierce struggle for power in Maverannahr. During the years 1494-1496, while still a teenager, he participated in the battles for Samarkand, which had a huge impact on the fate of Babur.
Babur spent most of his life in military campaigns and battles. He unsuccessfully tried to unite the disparate regions of Maverannahr and create a new great state of the Timurids. His dreams were destined to come true in the Indian Subcontinent, where he went with his troops in 1526. Babur managed to create the basis for the Baburid Empire in Indian Subcontinent, which lasted for about 300 years. His ideas preached the establishment of harmony between peoples, as well as the introduction of education in all segments of the population.
Babur in a short time of government, contributed to the stabilization of the political situation in the Indian Subcontinent, united Indian lands, improved the city, the organization of trade relations. The construction of libraries and caravanserais was widely used, especially during the years of his sons and ruling "descendants". The Central Asian style appeared in the arts and architecture of present-day India, Pakistan and Afghanistan.
Along with his military and political activities, Babur was a great poet whose rubais (lyrical quatrains) delight and inspire many people today. One of the most famous oriental works “Babur-name” in the world literature belongs to his pen.
"Babur-name" are Babur's personal diaries, which he kept in his native classical Uzbek language throughout his life, collected into one work by Babur himself. "Babur-name" is not only a description of the author's personal life, but also a valuable source for studying the history, culture, life of peoples, flora and fauna of those areas visited by Babur.
Babur was one of the greatest men of his time. Having created one of the most powerful empires in the history of the East, he, nevertheless, remained in his heart a fiery patriot of his Motherland and, until the end of his days, sought to establish diplomatic and friendly ties with his native city of Andijan.
Today, the citizens of Uzbekistan proudly pronounce the name of Zahiriddin Muhammad Babur and honor his memory. In the city of Andijan, a monument was erected in honor of Babur.
It should be noted that the works of Zahiriddin Muhammad Babur are also deeply studied by Iranian scientists and historians. Currently, dozens of copies of Babur's works are kept in the national museums and libraries of Iran.
In particular, today the Golestan Palace Museum in Tehran stores copies of such ancient handwritten books as "Baburnameh", "Resalayeh-Aruz", "Mubayyin" and others. These manuscripts were compiled in the Nastaliq style, which is considered one of the most beautiful calligraphic scripts in the classical Uzbek language, and are decorated with an interlinear translation in Persian.
Professor Mohammadreza Nassiri made a great contribution to the study of these manuscripts. He is a well-known Iranian researcher of the life and work of Babur and the Baburid dynasty, who published dozens of books and scientific papers in this direction. He devoted many years of his life to researching the works of this great Uzbek statesman, scientist and poet in libraries and scientific institutions of modern India and Pakistan. During the years of his scientific activity, M.Nassiri managed to study dozens of copies of Babur's manuscripts and books in different countries of the world.
As a result of his research in Iran, such outstanding works were published on the history and culture of our vast region, such as "Tarikhe Fereshte", "Collected Memoirs of Zahiriddin Muhammad Babur", "Research on the life and work of Babur" and etc.